Cataracts are a clouding of the lens in they eye, caused by a buildup of protein in the lens . This prevents light from passing clearly through the lens, causing some loss of vision. Since new lens cells form on the outside of the lens, all the older cells are compacted into the center of the lens resulting in the cataract. Cataracts usually form slowly and cause few symptoms until they grow larger and noticeably block light.
These are some of the symptoms that patients may experience:
- Clouded, blurred or dim vision
- Increasing difficulty with vision at night
- Sensitivity to light and glare
- Seeing "halos" around lights
- Frequent changes in eyeglass or contact lens prescription
- Fading or yellowing of colors
- Double vision in a single eye
Once it has been determined that you have visually significant cataracts, the discussion of treatment begins. The treatment for Cataracts is CATARACT SURGERY. Modern Cataract surgery is safe and is one of the most common surgeries performed to date.
During surgery, the cloudy natural lens of your eye is replaced with an artificial lens, called an intraocular lens (IOL). There are different IOL options that are available to provide the best results for your individual needs. These IOL options are:
Monofocal IOLs - These lenses correct for only one focus; most patients will need to wear bifocal glasses to achieve good vision after surgery.
Toric lOLs - These lenses correct astigmatism; most patients will have good distance & intermediate vision & will only need to wear reading glasses.
Multifocal IOLs - These lenses correct vision at all distances (distance, intermediate & near), most patients do not need any glasses after surgery.
A thorough evaluation of your individual case will be discussed with Dr. Calotti and together a treatment plan will be created that will provide you with the best outcome.
Diagnosis and Treatment of Dry Eye Disease Prior to Surgery
Dry eye is a condition in which a person doesn't have enough quality tears to lubricate and nourish the eye. Tears are necessary for maintaining the surface health of the eye and for providing clear vision. Dry eye is a common and often chronic problem, particularly in older adults.
People with dry eyes may experience irritated, gritty, scratchy or burning eyes; a feeling of something in their eyes; excess watering; and blurred vision. Advanced dry eyes may damage the front surface of the eye and impair vision.
Diagnosis and treatment of dry eye syndrome is particularly important prior to cataract surgery to allow accurate measurements for IOL (intraocular lens) calculations. Dry eye syndrome left untreated prior to surgery can also worsen postoperatively and affect your visual outcome.
Dr. Calotti offers a Dry Eye Centre dedicated to providing the highest quality of dry eye care using advanced Ophthalmic diagnostic techniques, treatment options and solutions specific to your needs. Dr. Calotti is always striving to provide our patients with choices that will give them the best possible visual outcome postoperatively.